Mr. Bartholomew SENOU mahugnon, member of ERNWACA-Benin and recipient of ERNWACA Grants Program for Research in Education, 2010-2011 edition, brilliantly defended his doctoral thesis (PhD) in Economics on the topic: Contractual teachers in Benin: case of primary education.
Ph.D. Thesis (Ph.D.) in Economics:
CONTRACTUAL TEACHERS IN BENIN: CASE OF PRIMARY EDUCATION
Author: M. SENOU Barthélemy mahugnon
The objective of this thesis is to analyze the contracting policy of the teaching profession in Benin as related to the objectives of the employer that is the state, and with the behavior of the worker, the teacher. Specifically, this study seeks to assess the impact of the status of primary teachers on the labor supply of the latter and also the impact of the contractual status of teachers on the achievement objectives of the employer including the acquisition of skills among students and the educational efficiency of production.
The methodology used is based on a quantitative approach using empirical database PASEC CONFEMEN Benin. It involved the use of econometric methods such as Tobit models with corner solution, the linear model with Box Cox transformation, and the stochastic frontier model to estimate the impact of teacher status respectively on absenteeism of teachers, student performance and efficiency of educational production.
The results, after correcting different biases, show that, relative to contract teachers, permanents teachers are not only more absentee, but also negatively affect student achievement in both classes of CP, as in CM1 . As for the effect on the efficiency of educational production, it appeared that in CP classes, the fact is even to the detriment of permanent teachers, the effect is not established in CM1. These results have important implications for educational policy.
JEL : I21, J18, J81